Derechos de autor en la URSS, entrada de Wikipedia:
Because the new Communist regime considered it an important educative function to widely disseminate classic Russian works in inexpensive editions to the masses, a decree of December 29, 1917 (Gregorian date) enabled the People’s Commissariat for Education to nationalize works of deceased authors, including composers. Based on this decree, the works of 58 deceased authors were nationalized on February 14, 1918. Among others, this decree nationalized the works of Chekhov, Chernyshevsky, Dostoyevsky, Gogol, Herzen, Lermontov, Pushkin, Tolstoy, and Turgenev. The government established a state monopoly on the publication of these authors’ works for a period of five years, which was later extended by again five years. A second nationalization decree of November 26, 1918 extended the powers of the People’s Commissariat for Education to nationalize also works of living authors. The decree granted the commissariat a perpetual monopoly to the publication rights of such nationalized works; living authors were to receive royalties based on the standard remuneration schedules established by the government, while the royalties on works by deceased authors went to the state. Based upon this second decree, a number of nationalizations occurred in the following years. On August 16, 1919, the works of the seventeen composers Arensky, Borodin, Tchaikovsky, Balakirev, Cui, Kalinnikov, Laroche, Lyadov, Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Rubinstein, Sakketi, Scriabin, Serov, Smolensky, Stasov, and Taneyev were nationalized. On January 18, 1923, the works of Mikhail Bakunin and 46 further authors were nationalized. A third decree on May 14, 1925 nationalized the works of Georgi Plekhanov and also the Russian translations of the works of Upton Sinclair, and finally, on June 28, 1927, the Marx-Engels Institute was granted a publication monopoly on the works of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.